1. What Are Mailing Lists?
Electronic mailing lists allow groups of people with common interests to exchange mail quickly and easily. It is usually possible to achieve the same result with Usenet newsgroups, but a major drawback of newsgroups is that it can be difficult to set them up to allow private communications.
Mailing lists require specific software to manage the subscriptions, handle the mail, archive messages and so on. Unfortunately there are several different mailing list management programs, which are all slightly different. The ones commonly encountered are Majordomo, Ezmlm, Mailbase, Mailman and Listserv. Oxford uses the Ezmlm program.
There are a number of different ways in which one may communicate with mailing list software. Commands for subscribing, unsubscribing, requesting help and information on a given list and configuring a list can be sent in the To or Subject line of the email header or may be sent in the message body.
The method will reflect the particular sort of mailing list service being run, and the name of the site. If you are using the Oxford Ezmlm service then you will send all commands in the To line of the header.
2. Addresses to Mailing Lists
Each mailing list will usually have two, and occasionally three, email addresses associated with it. These are:
@site: The address for the actual list. Any mail sent to this address will be forwarded to every member subscribed to the list.
request@site: The address for Ezmlm administrative requests for the list - items such as subscribing and unsubscribing, checking who else is a member and so on.
owner@site which is routed to the person who maintains and manages the list - this is the address you should use if you have problems unsubscribing from a list using any of the automatic methods.
3. Addresses on Mailing Lists
Here at Oxford, users of the email system have a one or more email address of the form:
(People who had a Herald email account prior to October 2005 had two forms of their email address. e.g.
This address information is contained within the 'Header' of your email.
In order to mail to a list, the address in your mail header must match that registered on the list. If you are added by the list administrator, the registered address may not match the address your mail header contains and your posts to the list will fail even though you receive other postings.
We strongly advise that you subscribe to any mailing lists yourself, rather than through the list administrator to avoid such problems.
Where manual subscriptions are made to lists, the administrator can add the other address form to the 'Allow' list. Please see the Mailing List Owners Guide to see how to do this.
To view all your Oxford-based Ezmlm maillist subscriptions and to see the email
form used to subscribe to lists, visit the
maillist web site and select the
Show my subscriptions link.
4. Communicating with Mailing List Servers
You send administrative commands to a mailing list server in the form of email messages. The messages should be sent to the general administration address (not to the address of the list itself). For Ezmlm the command is always part of the To address. Any results of your commands will be returned to you via email; you may also be sent a log file.
Whenever you subscribe to a mailing list you will normally be sent a "welcome" message from the list owner. This message will contain instructions on how to send messages to the list and, more importantly, how to unsubscribe. It is advisable to keep these messages so that you can refer back to them at a later date.
The different mailing list systems have different sets of commands which may be used to find out what lists are available and to manage your subscriptions. There is, unfortunately, no consistent set of commands used by all mailing list software - an exception being the command help which will get you a list of other commands available.
4.1. Ezmlm Lists at maillist.ox.ac.uk
The following are the addresses for basic commands that can be sent to an Ezmlm based mailing list:
4.2. Who can use Oxford's maillist service?
The mailing list service at Oxford is open to all members of the University who wish to set up mailing lists relating to the academic and social/cultural life of the University.
4.3. Jiscmail Lists
The JISCmail facility is a nationally funded service to provide mailing lists for the UK academic community. It holds a large number of lists covering a wide range of academic disciplines. JISCmail uses its own set of commands, sent to the address firstname.lastname@example.org, including:
|help||to receive a help file|
|get jisclist memo||to see a list of all current lists|
|review listname||to find out more about a particular list|
|join listname firstname lastname||to add yourself to a particular list|
|leave listname||to take yourself off a list|
|leave *||to take yourself off all lists you are subscribed to|
|set listname nomail||stop messages sent to the list being forwarded to you|
|set listname mail||start messages being sent to you again|
|query *||Find out which lists you belong to|
5. Other Mailing List Information
5.1. Mirroring via Newsgroups
Many mailing lists, in particular many of the local lists maintained by the IT-related special interest groups (SIGs), are mirrored to equivalent newsgroups. This allows you to read and take part in the ongoing discussions using either email or network news clients.
5.2. Signature Files
If you have a signature file that is appended automatically to all your email messages this might cause problems when you are sending administrative requests to Majordomo based mailing list services (the lines in your signature will be treated as commands). Many mailing list services have a stop or end command to be put after your last proper command. If such a command is not available, make sure that your signature file is not included in any messages you send to the mailing list service address. The Oxford Ezmlm system is not affected by anything you put in the body of administrative requests.
5.3. Email Etiquette
Remember that any message you send to mailing lists are seen by all the members of the list (potentially many tens of thousands of readers) - take care with what you write and how you say things.
Do not send signoff messages to the actual list. Doing so annoys the other members of the list unnecessarily, and also reduces your credibility.