Guidelines for Acceptable Use of HFS Backup Services
The HFS is a valuable University resource with a large but ultimately finite capacity. Certain guidelines are therefore required to ensure the fair use of its resources so that the facility can be used as widely as possible.
We constantly review our operational limits in the light of available resources and capabilities. Currently we recommend a single backup account store no more than 10TB of data. Independent of the amount of data stored, where a large number of files are held locally, we strongly recommend, and may insist, that these are either bundled into a local archive file prior to sending to the HFS or the local disk is re-partitioned into smaller filesystem/volume/drive partitions. There is no magic limit here, as the requirement for this depends partially on the client machine's own resources and ability to sort large numbers of files. Typically, the figure revolves around several million file objects in any one partition.
- Connect to our service and upload data at a reasonable speed - see below, 1. Connection speed to the HFS.
- Try to avoid backing-up some types of information - see below, 2. What to exclude from backups.
- Try to ensure that only University work-related data is included in the backup - see 2. What to exclude from backups.
- Try to avoid backing-up data from duplicate locations - see below, 3. Moving data around.
Long slow backups can cause considerable problems with the service: they lock server resources that need to be spread across many clients. Consequently, we demand that clients upload data at a reasonable rate such that the upload of their data does not take an unreasonable amount of time. Should this not be attainable and a client session runs for many hours with little data uploaded, then the client session will be cancelled and locked. Where slow upload speeds are not due to transient factors (e.g. network misconfiguration) but are permanent (i.e. poor network bandwidth), access to the HFS service may be refused. Current limits are documented in our FAQ item How much data can I back up?. It should be noted that there is currently no maximum connection speed limit.
The HFS backup service is intended for active data that is in use by current members of the University. Certain files types which should not be backed up are excluded from backup by the HFS set of default exclusions. However, these exclusions cannot catch all examples. Therefore we ask that users ensure that the following data are excluded from HFS Backup on all client machines they own or manage.
- Data that is not related to your work with the University.
- Data on drives shared from other machines (excluded by default on Windows machines).
- Block-level (or other format) files that constitute an 'image' of a machine or part of a machine (e.g. Ghost images).
- Backups of the local or other machines (e.g. Time Machine, native Windows backups).
- Virtual machine images which are not already excluded by default (the latter being
- Copyrighted data for which the client is not the owner or the licencee or holder of said copyright.
- Other bootable images on a multi-platform-boot system (e.g. the /WINDOWS partition on a Linux system).
- Continuously date- and/or time-stamped files.
- Duplicate data: it is a waste of resources to back up the same data more than once, either from one or from multiple machines.
- Outlook archive files, called
archive.pst: these are date-stamped by Outlook every time it is run, and therefore get needlessly resent by TSM on every backup. (As an alternative, backup of these files is permitted if you detach them from Outlook via
[Data File Management]. Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org if you wish to do this.)
- Large database files: you should not use the standard TSM Backup-Archive Client to back up either large running databases or flat file 'dumps' of such databases. Rather you should, where available, use dedicated TSM software for the backup of specific databases. Please see the clients page for a list of available TSM software.
The TSM software recognises a file moved to a new location on a system as a new file and thus a candidate for backup. A renamed mountpoint, drive, volume or partition will also, unless specifically excluded, occasion a fresh backup of all data on it. Windows drives derive their name from the Windows computer name, thus a change to this (which in itself might be due to a change in the machine's TCP/IP Name), can act as a partition rename. In these cases the data is in effect copied again and hence lies duplicate within the HFS Backup system. It is thus imperative that users avoid unnecessary moves and renames.
In cases where you do anticipate essential large-scale moves or renames of your local datastore, please contact email@example.com beforehand so that we may manage this.
Additionally, we may insist on local measures being implemented in order that the backup or archival of that data does not consume a large amount of (HFS) system resources. These local measures may include, but are not limited to:- excluding files, re-partitioning into smaller filesystem/volume/drive partitions or pre-processing files before backup or archive.