In order to use the central WINS servers, your PC must be connected to the Oxford University network via an Ethernet connection and have an IP address assigned. Generally if you can connect your PC to the University network and access the world wide web using Internet Explorer, Netscape or Opera this has been done. If not, before continuing please see local instructions for details on how to connect to the University network from your location (contact your college or department IT officer for details).
NB If you are an IT Manager responsible for setting up PCs in a college, department or other unit, please make sure that you have read the Naming Standards document before you continue.
1.1. Checking and installing network components
If you need to use WINS, you generally need to have the Client for Microsoft Networks installed.
The following network components are installed(it is usually at the top of the list). If not, click on
[Client for Microsoft Networks]from the box that appears and click on
Addagain. Then make sure that
[Microsoft]is selected in the
Manufacturersbox on the left-hand side and then select the
[Client for Microsoft Networks]from the
Network Clientsbox on the right-hand side. Click on OK. After a short delay you should find that the Client for Microsoft Networks has been added to the list of installed network components.
Figure 9xconfig2.jpg [Network Control Panel Main Window]
Remove. NB occasionally, if your PC is managed by an IT Officer in a college or department, they may want NetBEUI to be installed, so check with them before removing it. However most of the time it is best removed.
1.2. Naming your PC
In order to use the central WINS servers, it is essential that your PC has a name that is unique within the whole of the University. If it doesn't, you can find that some networking services are disabled, and you cannot access some resources on the network. For example, a common reason for using WINS is in order to access the full version of OxLIP. If your PC has the same name as another PC using WINS, you may not be able to access OxLIP until you change the PC name.
Identificationtab. If your computer is located in a college, department or college annex, your IT officer may have already given your PC a sensible name, or given you a name to use. Your PC generally has a sensible name if it includes part of your unit (i.e. college or department etc.) name or unit acronym. Examples of sensible naming include BNCnnnn and nnnnBRAS (Brasenose), WOLFnnnn (Wolfson), nnnn.oucs (OUCS), where nnnn can be any number of numbers and letters up to a maximum name length of fifteen characters. If your PC has a sensible name, leave it as it is and skip to the Configuring the WINS Parameters section below. The example shown below is definitely not sensible.
Figure 9xconfig3.jpg [Network Control Panel Identification Window]
1.3. Checking the Existing WINS Configuration
winipcfg /alland click on
OK. In the drop down box next to
Ethernet Adapter Information, make sure that your Ethernet adapter is selected (i.e. if it is showing
PPP Adapter, change it). Now look to see whether there are any numbers shown for the
Primary WINS Serverand the
Secondary WINS Server. If the numbers for the entries are
188.8.131.52(in either order), then your PC is already configured to use the central WINS servers and you can skip the rest of these instructions.
Figure 9xconfig5.jpg [Output from Winipcfg /all]
1.4. Configuring the WINS Parameters
Configurationtab in the Network control panel again and highlight the
[TCP/IP]entry for your network adapter. If you have more than one entry in the list for TCP/IP, this is generally the one that isn't called TCP/IP -> Dial-Up Adapter. For example in the picture below you would need to select the
[TCP/IP -> Intel 8255x-based PCI Ethernet Adapter (10/100)]entry.
Figure 9xconfig1.jpg [Network Control Panel Main Window]
Propertiesbutton and click on the
Enable WINS Resolutionradio button.
WINS Server Search Orderas
184.108.40.206if your computer is in a department or
220.127.116.11if it is anywhere else and then click on the
WINS Server Search Orderas as
18.104.22.168if your computer is in a department or
22.214.171.124if it is anywhere else and then click on the
Figure 9xconfig4.jpg [TCP/IP Properties — WINS Configuration]
OKto return to the Network control panel main window, and then on
OKagain. You will be prompted to reboot the PC, which you should do.