4. How do I configure the Shibboleth SP software after installation?
When the machine has restarted, download the latest 'ukfederation.pem' certificate, copy it into C:\opt\shibboleth-sp\etc\shibboleth (substitute your installation location if you chose a non-default location), and rename it to 'ukfederation.crt' (this will cause Windows to recognise the file as a certificate by an extension that it recognises). This digital certificate will be used to verify UK Federation digital signatures. You should verify the certificate fingerprint by right-clicking on the ukfederation.crt file in Windows Explorer and selecting 'Open'. When the Certificate dialogue box opens, click on the 'Details' tab and scroll down to the 'Thumbprint' entry. This fingerprint value must be confirmed offline with the UK Federation Helpdesk to ensure its validity and guard against the possibility of your web site being compromised.
The installation uses the Shibboleth configuration file C:\opt\shibboleth-sp\etc\shibboleth\shibboleth2.xml, and the default Shibboleth configuration in this file needs some manual changes to align the Service Provider with the UK Federation. For our example changes to the configuration, a fictitious Service Provider name, shibbox.unit.ox.ac.uk, has been used. Edit the XML file as follows:
IIS divides a Web Host into Sites, each of which has a Site ID. The ID for your site can be found by clicking on the 'Web Sites' folder in IIS Manager and looking at the 'Identifier' column of the web site. Within the <InProcess> element, the <ISAPI> element must contain a <Site> element that matches the site ID and hostname of your SP. You should also include scheme="https" and port="443" to ensure the redirects are created correctly. For example, site 1 of shibbox.unit.ox.ac.uk would be configured as follows:
"sp.example.org" should be changed to the name of your new service provider, "shibbox.unit.ox.ac.uk" in this case. Note that the Path 'name' attribute is a mapping to the folder containing files that are to be protected by Shibboleth.
This can be found within the <ApplicationDefaults> element. If you want to authenticate people from the wider UK Federation, follow the Federated Access Section, otherwise to authenticate people directly using Oxford Webauth, follow the Oxford-Only Access Section.
This will have the effect of refreshing your copy of the federation metadata every 4 hours (14400 seconds). As a security measure, it also causes metadata to be rejected whose root element does not specify a validUntil attribute, or whose validity period exceeds 30 days (2592000 seconds).