1. Before you Begin
If you are setting up a new domain, you need to decide on the following
information before you start.
- The name of your domain. This must be the same as the DNS subdomain name
of your unit, e.g. oucs.ox.ac.uk (OUCS), bnc.ox.ac.uk (Brasenose) etc. As
most units only have one DNS subdomain allocated, the decision is easy.
However if you have multiple DNS names available to your unit, you need to
decide which to use.
- If you are using the central WINS servers, pick a NetBIOS name for your
domain that won't clash with any existing names (including server and
workstation names). This defaults to the first part of the full domain name,
up to the first ".". For the above examples the NetBIOS names would be oucs
and bnc. Where possible use this name, but sometimes it may already be in
use. If it is, pick other names but include part of your unit name, e.g.
oucs-ad, bnc-ad, as domain names can also clash with server or workstation
names, or switch to using local WINS servers. If you don't use the central
WINS servers you only need to worry about keeping names in use within your
unit unique, giving more freedom as to choice of name.
- The names and IP addresses of the servers that will run the DNS service.
Generally these will be your domain controllers; it's preferable to have at
least two if you can. Similar rules for server NetBIOS names apply as for
- This method uses a non-default DNS configuration on your Windows servers.
The instructions detail the steps to configure this; to understand how and
why it is non-default, refer to the Background
Information section towards the end of this document.
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