The aim of the project is to establish a common Linux desktop within OUCS, and offer some peer support. It is not a managed desktop, but provides a supported base system on which users can build and from which they can restart for disaster recovery. Support is provided using an (archived) internal mailling list to capture a knowledge base as a set of web pages.
The basic principle of OULD is that a user will take the latest version of an untouched Ubuntu CD, install it, and then add other software. These additional bits of software will be added using Ubuntu's standard way of installing packages.
- a base configuration package which makes local setups for apt, printers, firewall, etc.
- virtual packages which bring in recommended existing packages
- packages for locally-written software
- packages for software which is not in the normal Ubuntu repositories and is packaged locally.
- Obtain a CD containing Ubuntu. The easiest way to do this is to download the .iso image from the Ubuntu downloads page and burn it to a CD yourself; otherwise, you can email email@example.com to request a CD.
- Ensure that the BIOS of your PC is configured to boot from the CD drive.
- Insert the Ubuntu CD into the drive and reboot the PC.
- After a while, the Ubuntu desktop should appear on your PC. The Ubuntu CD is a Live CD, i.e., you have a working version of Ubuntu that is running from the CD.
- On the Desktop, you should see an icon labelled
Install. Clicking on this icon will install Ubuntu to a part of, or all of, the PC's hard disk.
- Click on the
- It first invites you to choose a language.
- It then asks you to indicate where you are: click on England and then click on the marker for London.
- It then asks you to choose a keyboard: choose
- It will ask you for some personal details: type in your name, a username, a password (twice) and the name of your computer. For your username, type in your Oxford SSO username. If your computer is registered in the DNS as fred.oucs.ox.ac.uk then enter fred as the name of your computer.
- It will then ask you about how much disk space is to be allocated for
Ubuntu. Several options are given:
- If the PC already has an operating system on it, then one of
the options will be to
[Use the largest continuous free space].
- You could choose to trash the disk by using the
[Erase entire disk]option.
- Finally you may wish to configure the disk yourself, in which
case choose the option labelled
[Manually edit partition table].
- If the PC already has an operating system on it, then one of the options will be to
- When it has done this, it will say
Installation complete: Restart now. Click the button to restart. As part of this restart, the CD will be ejected. At this point, take out the CD and press
<Enter>on the keyboard.
- After it has restarted, a login box will appear.
- Log in using the username and password that you chose earlier.
- When the desktop appears, an icon will appear on the panel (the bar
along the top of the screen) with a pop-up saying
Software updates available. Click this and follow the instructions given (note: doing these updates will require a reboot).
ould-desktop: normal desktop tools
ould-laptop: as ould-desktop, but with the addition of the VPN client
ould-developer: the same as
ould-desktop, but with the addition of the Apache web server, PHP, Java etc.
- You should see the orange and blue icon for Firefox on the panel at the top. Click on this.
- Use Firefox to go to http://ubuntu.oucs.ox.ac.uk/ould-config-current.deb
- Choose GDebi and let it install the package.
- Start up Synaptic by going to System|Administration|Synaptic Package Manager.
cd /tmp wget http://tei.oucs.ox.ac.uk/teideb/ould-config-current.deb sudo dpkg -i ould-config-current.deb
sudo apt-get update
apt-cache search ould --names-only
- At the command prompt, type one of the following:
sudo apt-get install ould-desktop
sudo apt-get install ould-laptop
sudo apt-get install ould-developer
It is easy to make a bootable USB key of Ubuntu, so that you can carry around an operating system in your pocket. Use the tool at System/Administration/Startup Disk Creator to make one from your running system.
Please join the OULD discussion list (firstname.lastname@example.org): send a blank email to email@example.com and you should receive an automated reply telling you how to confirm your request to join the list.
There is an OULD wiki which may offer useful advice, and to which you are encouraged to contribute with your own advice and experiences, successful or otherwise!
If you use this documentation to install Ubuntu onto a PC, please add your comments to the OULD Wiki User Reports page. In particular, record any difficulties you encounter, and any other packages you have installed. Not only will this give you a record of what you did for future reference, but it will help others.
The RT queue for OULD problems is: firstname.lastname@example.org